By Robert Leonard Berkowitz

The Fire Next Time — Photo by author

We’re all familiar with William Henry Gates III. He is an American business titan, pioneering software creator, investor, author, and philanthropist. He co-founded the Microsoft Corporation and revolutionized the personal computer industry with the invention of Microsoft Windows. He co-founded, with Melinda Gates, the non-profit Gates Foundation — the world’s…

“to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility”

By Robert Leonard Berkowitz

At 6:01 p.m., after the Capitol Police had finally cleared the U.S. Capitol of hundreds of armed insurrectionists, neo-Nazis, white supremacists, Proud Boy fascists, extremist militia gangs and fellow-rioters donning MAGA hats, shouldering Confederate battle flags, and sporting outerwear emblazoned with the words Camp Auschwitz and…

The Hope and Tragedy of the “Two-State” Deal of the Century

By Robert Leonard Berkowitz

By Robert Leonard Berkowitz

The US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Stadtarchiv Aachen

The word pogrom in Russian and Yiddish means “devastation.”

It derives from a Russian word that means to destroy, to wreak havoc, to demolish violently.

Historically, it is mostly associated with violent outbursts against Jews that began in the 1880s and continued in sporadic waves over the five decades that…

Torched Synagogue in Siegen, Germany during Kristallnacht — National Archives, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives

By Robert Leonard Berkowitz

Had I been living in the Squirrel Hill section of Pittsburgh on my way to the Tree of Life Synagogue two Sabbaths ago and were my mother…

By Robert Leonard Berkowitz

The murder of eleven innocent worshipers at the Tree of Life synagogue - the deadliest attack ever on…

Robert Leonard Berkowitz

Robert was raised in Newark and nearby West Orange, New Jersey. He now lives in Guilford, Connecticut.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store